Charles Frederick Williams
Charles Frederick Williams is a great-great-grandfather of John Fairley.
Charles Williams was a celebrated British war correspondent,
newspaper editor, journalist and author. He traveled to many war zones with the
British Army reporting worldwide on some of the key events of the late 1800s.
In 1859, he became a leader writer for the London Evening
Herald. In October 1859, he had began a connection with The Standard which had
lasted until 1884. From 1860 until 1863, he worked as a first editor for the
London Evening Standard; and from 1881 until 1884, as the first editor of The
Early in his career, Charles Williams shared an office with friend and colleague
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, who would later become Lord Salisbury, Prime Minister of
Great Britain. They had a standing tradition of always sending out for two beers
with payment alternating between each man. Many years later, Williams was in the
lobby of the House of Lords. Lord Salisbury approached him with outstretched
hand and asked, "By the way, Mr. Williams, whose turn is it to stand the beer?"
A friend of explorer Henry Morton Stanley, Williams gave him a compass that had
been on a number of his expeditions. Stanley took it with him to Africa and it
now is on display at the Royal Museum of Central Africa in Belgium.
In Rudyard Kipling's novel, "The Light that Failed," the character of Mr.
Nilghai, the war correspondent, was based on Charles Williams.
He was described as "a man of restless, stormy, and combative
temperament, always driving at full speed, with something of the force of a
hurricane. Williams, however, had an indomitable physique, which he was
generally putting to severe trials. The amount of "copy" that he produced in the
course of a year was really prodigious, and he worked early and late. He was,
too, an omnivorous reader, devouring books of all sorts, and having information
to hand on all possible subjects... a man of great, strong, and original
Williams was best known for being a war correspondent. For The Standard, he was
at the headquarters of the Armée de la Loire, a French army, during the
Franco-Prussian War in 1870. He was also one of the first correspondents in
Strasbourg, where the French forces were defeated. In the summer and autumn of
1877, he was a correspondent to Ahmed Muhtar Pasha who commanded the Turkish
forces in Armenia during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877 and 1878. Williams
remained constantly at the Turkish front, and his letters were the only
continuous series that reached England. In 1878, he published this series in a
revised and extended form as The Armenian Campaign: A Diary of the Campaign on
1877, in Armenia and Koordistan, which was a large accurate record of the war,
even though it was pro-Turkish.
From Armenia, he followed Muhtar Pasha to European Turkey and described his
defence of the lines of Constantinople against the Imperial Russian Army.
Williams was with General Mikhail Skobelev at the headquarters of the Imperial
Russian Army when the Treaty of San Stefano was signed in March 1878. He
reported this at the Berlin Congress.
At the end of 1878, he was in Afghanistan reporting the war, and in 1879
published the Notes on the Operations in Lower Afghanistan, 1878–9, with Special
Reference to Transport.
In the autumn of 1884, representing the Central News Agency of London, Williams
also joined the Gordon Relief Expedition, a British mission to relieve in
Major-General Charles George Gordon in Khartoum, Sudan. His was the first
dispatch to tell of the loss of Gordon. While in Sudan, he quarrelled with Henry
H. S. Pearse of The Daily News, who later unsuccessfully sued him. After leaving
The Standard in 1884, he worked with the Morning Advertiser, but later worked
with the Daily Chronicle as a war correspondent. He was the only British
correspondent to be with the Bulgarian Army under Prince Alexander Joseph of
Battenberg during the Serbo-Bulgarian War in November 1885. In the Greco-Turkish
War of 1897, he was attached to the Greek forces in Thessaly. His last war
reporting was on Herbert Kitchener's Sudanese campaign of 1898. His health did
not permit his advance to South Africa, but he was still able to London a diary
of the South African War for The Morning Leader.
He once served as the Chairman of the London district of the Institute of
Journalists from 1893 to 1894. He founded the London Press Club were he also
served as its President from 1896 to 1897.
Williams was wounded three times in action. He was shot in the leg in Egypt in
1885 during General Buller's retreat from Gubat to Korti.
He conducted a lecture tour of the United States where he described the six
campaigns, illustrated by limelight photographs. His audience in Brooklyn, New
York was described by The New York Times as highly delighted by his lecture
about the hardships and adventures. His presentation was "a feast for the eyes
and ears and was highly appreciated by the large audience assembled."
Williams was a strong adherent to Garnet Wolseley's military views and policy,
and had considerable military knowledge. He had also published military subjects
in several publications such as the United Service Magazine, the National
Review, and other periodicals. In 1892, he published Life of Sir H. Evelyn Wood,
which was controversial as he defended the actions of Wood after the Battle of
Majuba Hill in 1881. In 1902, he published a pamphlet, entitled Hush Up, in
which he protested against the proposed limited official inquiry to the South
African War and called for an investigation.
In 1884, the steamer carrying Williams and colleague Frederic Villiers of The
Graphic overturned in the Nile River. Their rescue led Williams to later
commission a unique ivory and gold mitre for the Bishop of London as a
thank-offering to God for his safe return from Khartoum. The mitre is still at
St. Paul's Cathedral in London.
With the sanction of Commander in Chief, Field Marshal Viscount Wolseley,
Williams edited a book "Songs for Soldiers for the March The Camp and the
Barracks" to improve morale and relieve boredom. Included in the book are a
number of songs that he composed. He also wrote about ecclesiastical questions,
and contributed articles and stories to different periodicals. Williams also
wrote fiction, including his book "John Thaddeus Mackay," a tale about religious
tolerance and understanding.
His books include:
The Armenian Campaign: A Diary of the Campaign of 1877, in Armenia and
Notes on the Operations in Lower Afghanistan, 1878-9, with Special References to
John Thaddeus Mackay (1889)
"How We Lost Gordon" (Fortnightly Review, May 1895)
The Thessalian Campaign (1897)
The Life of Sir Lieut-General Evelyn Wood
Songs for Soldiers
Hushed Up, a Criticism on the South African Campaign
Numerous articles in the United Services Magazine and other publications
In the Nile Campaign of 1884 until 1885 application was made to the War Office
with the support of the Commander in Chief Lord Wolseley for medals for Willams
and correspondent Bennet Burleigh. Williams had been twice requested to take
command of some of the men by senior officers on the spot. The Secretary of War
was unable to grant the recognition under the rules of the day but wrote a
letter saying that he regreted that this must be his decision.
Williams was a recipient of the Queen's Sudan Medal, an award given to British
and Egyptian forces which took part in the Sudan campaign between 1896 and 1898.
He died in Brixton, London on 9 February 1904. His funeral was well attended by
the press as well as members of the military including Field marshal Sir Evelyn
Wood. Colleague Henry Nevison wrote a long reflection on Charles Williams. It
included, "On the field he possessed a kind of instinctive sense of what was
going to happen. When I went to big field-days with him he was already an
elderly man, and much broken down with the hardships of a war correspondent's
life; but he invariably appeared at the critical place exactly at the right
moment, and I once heard the Duke of Connaught, who was commanding, say, 'When I
see Charlie Williams shut up his telescope, I know it's all over.'... "And now
he is gone, with his rage, his generosity, his innocent pride, his faithful
championship of every friend, and his memories of so many a strange event. His
greatest joy was to encourage youth to follow in his steps, and the world is
sadder and duller for his going."